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Neurotechnologies

Head of the Center: Leading Scientist Neurobiology KFU and Director of Research Inserm-U901 Roustem Khazipov;

Scientific adviser of the center: the head of OpenLab “Neuropharmacology”, professor, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Evgeny Nikolsky.

On the basis of the research laboratory, “Neurobiology”, created with the support of Mega-grant of the Russian Government, Centre of Excellence Neurobiology was formed.

 

To implement the project, OpenLab’s were created:

International Associated Laboratory “Neurobiology of Development”, projects “Neuron”, “Computational Neurotechnology”

Acts jointly with INSERM (France), invited scientists Khalilov I. (h-index 22) and Minlebaev M. (h-index 12), Gianiatullin R. (h-index 29, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, “Pain and migraine “), Rozov A. (h-index 25, University of Heidelberg, Germany, topic” Synaptic plasticity “)

 

“Neuropharmacology”, the project “Neuropharm”

Acts with the invitation of scientists – Patrick Masson, (h-index 42, France), Acad. RAS E. Nikolsky, (h-index 18, KSC RAS, topic: “Neuromuscular transmission”).

The project focuses on the study of the molecular mechanisms of the action of natural and synthesized compounds with neurotropic activity in order to search for new agents for the treatment of diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system.

 

“Electronic Synapse”

Operates with the invitation and under the guidance of V. Erokhin, (h-index 28, Institute of Materials of Electronics and Magnetism, Parma, Italy, topic: “Biosimilar systems”).

The laboratory “Electronic synapse” was created to solve scientific problems aimed at the implementation of model experimental devices simulating some functions of the nervous system, and the creation of trained computers of a new generation. As a basic element, an organic memristor is used – an electronic device with properties similar to the synapse properties, proposed and first implemented by the laboratory head in 2005. Currently, this area is developing in the following areas:

Chains with a given architecture, imitating individual properties of the nervous system and the brain;

Three-dimensional stochastic networks;

Hybrid systems that include living cells (including nerve cells).

 

“The motor neurorehabilitation”

Acts with the invitation of scientists Yu.P. Gerasimenko (h-index 22, University of California, USA) and under the leadership of IA. Lavrov (h-index 14, University of California, USA, topic: “Motor neurorehabilitation”).

The work of the laboratory is aimed at finding the main links in the development of pathological processes and effective therapeutic strategies in the acute and chronic periods of neurotrauma, developing methods for activating neuronal structures, developing new drugs for the treatment of acute and chronic trauma, and in particular improving posttraumatic spinal cord axon regeneration for restoration of functional synaptic contacts. The laboratory also studies the organization of neural spinal cord chains, their modeling, and develops new methods of electrophysiological diagnostics.

 

“Clinical Linguistics”

Leader: Elena Gorobets, Senior Researcher, Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of Russian Language and Applied Linguistics.

Clinical linguistics is one of the most relevant interdisciplinary directions in demand in the world community. The number of patients with speech disorders and cognitive decline in the population increases annually. At present, there is a trend towards a rapid increase of the amount of patients with verbal disorders; increasingly younger patients are prone to diseases that provoke speech disorders of varying degrees of severity. According to the World Health Organization, 30% of patients are persons of working age. The purpose of the project: the development of the linguistic component of personalized medicine for adults and children, the analysis of functional reconstructions of the brain in the event of damage to the zones responsible for cognitive (including speech) functions.